VAWG response mechanisms have, for the most part, been developed and deployed with the primary goal of providing improved support services to women and girl survivors, through strengthening the response of the police and criminal justice system, and the health system and social sector. In and of itself, this goal is vitally important. However, an assumption is often made that strengthened response mechanisms will also lead to a decrease in rates of violence. For example, it is assumed that health sector responses could lead to reduced rates of reoccurrence, or that strengthened police and criminal justice systems may prevent violence through deterrence. Whether or not response mechanisms also have the potential to prevent violence is a key question for the field of violence prevention. However, these assumptions have not yet been proven, and, as this paper will show, research in this area is still limited.