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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms

What do we mean by social norms?

Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is a pervasive social problem across the globe, but varies in prevalence and severity. The 2013 mapping of the Global Burden of Disease showed the prevalence of physical and sexual VAWG differed between countries, and between ethnic groups and social classes within countries. Two central, and overlapping, sets of ideas and practices driving VAWG are those related to gender relations and those on the use of violence.

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Gibbs, A., Corboz, J., Shafiq, M., Marofi, F., Mecagni, A., Mann, C., ... & Jewkes, R. (2018). An individually randomized controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of the Women for Women International Programme in reducing intimate partner violence and strengthening livelihoods amongst women in Afghanistan: trial design, methods and baseline findings. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 164.

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Stern, E., & Niyibizi, L. L. (2018). Shifting Perceptions of Consequences of IPV Among Beneficiaries of Indashyikirwa: An IPV Prevention Program in Rwanda. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260517752156.

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Gibbs, A., Jewkes, R., Karim, F., Marofi, F., & Corboz, J. (2018). Understanding how Afghan women utilise a gender transformative and economic empowerment intervention: A qualitative study. Global Public Health, 1-11.

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Clark, C. J., Ferguson, G., Shrestha, B., Shrestha, P. N., Oakes, J. M., Gupta, J., ... & Yount, K. M. (2018). Social norms and women's risk of intimate partner violence in Nepal. Social Science & Medicine.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Nepal, South Africa, Tajikistan

Prof Rachel Jewkes

Executive Scientist in the office of the President, South African Medical Research Council

Consortium Director, What Works Global Programme

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country South Sudan

7th December 2017
London

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan

Preventing Violence Against Women and Girls in Tajikistan

Henri Myrttinen International Alert

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Nepal
  • Project Equal Access - Nepal

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Project Tearfund - DRC

What Works Learning Event, London
6th December

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Project Indashyikirwa - Rwanda

Dr. Erin Stern
December 6 2017

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & conflict
  • Country South Sudan

Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is a serious human rights violation and an urgent global health and security challenge. It has been recognised as a key obstacle to development in the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A ecting 35% of women globally, VAWG is both under-reported and under-addressed.1 In South Sudan, VAWG is widespread and while it predates the decades of con ict the country has endured, the on-going violence has exacerbated an already serious issue. Beginning with the civil war in 2013, South Sudan has been in a constant state of crisis, made more acute by extremely high levels of food insecurity and subsequent risk of famine and starvation. All of these factors have put women and girls at even greater risk of violence from both partners and non-partners.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan
Right to Play, Pakistan Faiza, Manzil , Nazreen, Saima, Anmol Rani and Nimra from class 7th of girl’s government school in, Hyderabad are best friends. The six girls are Junior Leaders of their school-based programme, Right To Play. This programme and their friendship is built on the opportunities for interaction…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan
Right to Play, Pakistan A bright prospect for district Hyderabad’s under 17 girls cricket team, 14-year-old Hira, who goes to a girls’ secondary school in Pakistan, is an exceptional player despite her extremely poor background, and lacking basic resources. Hira’s parents are illiterate; her father works as a mechanic in…
Right to Play, Pakistan Nazia is twenty from Hyderabad, she grew up in a very conservative religious family, and was not allowed to continue her regular education after her Intermediate school phase. According to her teacher, when Nazia was much younger, she was a very different person to who she…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Nepal
  • Project VSO International - Nepal
One Community, One Family Programme, Nepal My name is Parbati*, I am 24-years-old, married, and live in Kathekhola Rural Municipality in Baglung district. This is my story. I have been married for four years and there are seven people in my family, I live with my in-laws, my husband and…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Afghanistan
  • Project Help the Afghan Children - Afghanistan
Help the Afghan Children (HTAC), Afghanistan Shakira grew up in Afghanistan amidst more than four decades of war and conflict, which have severely impacted both social and psychological growth, resulting in conflict and violence becoming a common part of everyday life, particularly affecting children. Shakira was no exception and says…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Project Indashyikirwa - Rwanda
I felt I had power within myself that allowed me to do something with my fellow women.. Indashyikirwa Programme, Rwanda

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan
Zindagii Shoista: Living with Dignity, Tajikistan Firuzah is a 44-year-old married woman from Tajikistan. She had a difficult time adapting from economic dependency when her husband was deported from Russia, where he worked as a labour migrant, and lost his job. When Firuzah’s husband lost his job and could no…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan
Zindagii Shoista: Living with Dignity, Tajikistan Gulshan is an unmarried 21-year-old woman from Tajikistan, who aims to graduate from a University this year. She participated in the International Alert-led Zindagii Shoista - Living with Dignity’ project last year.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & education, VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country India, South Africa
  • Project Karnataka Health Promotion Trust - India, Stepping Stones and Creating Futures - South Africa
Project Empower and HEARD, Stepping Stones, Creating Futures Project, South Africa. In 2012 *Nompu was one of the growing number of young women living in an urban informal settlement in South Africa. Nompu had moved from rural KwaZulu-Natal to Durban, a port city on the east coast of Africa, in…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country India
  • Project Karnataka Health Promotion Trust - India
Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Samvedana Plus project, India   David* is a 25 year old man, who works as driver and is married. He has had an ongoing intimate relationship with a FSW for more than seven years. They have had a difficult relationship for many years, which has often led…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country South Sudan
  • Project Indashyikirwa - Rwanda
     safe place main
 

Main Results Report 2017

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Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is a serious human rights violation and a significant global health and security issue. Studies suggest that the rates, perpetrators and types of VAWG fluctuate during conflict; and there is some evidence that sexual violence against both women and men increases during conflict. The global prevalence of sexual violence among refugees and displaced persons in humanitarian crises is estimated to be 21.4%, suggesting that approximately one in five women who are refugees or displaced by an emergency experience sexual violence. Recent studies indicate that intimate partner violence (IPV) may be more common than conflict-related sexual assault; however, both IPV and conflict-related violence are under-reported in these settings. Though several studies have collected robust data on VAWG in humanitarian settings, many experts argue that our overall understanding of the issue remains limited.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country India
  • Project Karnataka Health Promotion Trust - India
Karnataka Health Promotion Trust, Samvedana Plus project, India   Gowri* is a 35-year-old sex worker with a daily clientele. She has two regular intimate partners, with whom she reports being very compatible. As a result, she does not experience violence in intimate relationships. Given the intimacy and trust she enjoys with…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan
Zindagii Shoista: Living with Dignity, Tajikistan *Alisher is a 50-year-old married man from Tajikistan. He has five children, two sons and three daughters.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & social norms
  • Country Nepal
  • Project Equal Access - Nepal
Change Starts at Home, Nepal “In the past my husband used to abuse me. He didn’t count me or our daughters as human beings… he used to force me into having sex.” That is how Bikani, a Nepali woman, with two daughters, initially summarized her ten-year marriage. The experience of…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & economic empowerment, VAWG & social norms
  • Country Bangladesh
  • Project HERrespect - Bangladesh
HERrespect, Bangladesh Engaging male supervisors to tackle violence at work in the ready-made garment sector of Bangladesh
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