Evidence HubWhat Works Resources

 

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes Costs of VAWG
  • Author Nata Duvvury

Presentation for the What Works Annual Scientific Meeting, September 9, 2016, outlining the questions, approach, focus, design and framework of research into VAWG.

pdf Download (1.57 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Ghana
  • Project Gender Centre - Ghana

A study to assess the community level impact of the Gender Centre’s Rural Response System in reducing VAW in Ghana. This presentation features methodology demographics and results, looking at IPV statistics and the prevalence of different forms of IPV.

pdf Download (1.34 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises
  • Country South Sudan

The goal of the formative research was to improve understanding of the overall context of VAWG and conflict in South Sudan, as well as to inform the design of the population-based survey and complementary qualitative tools, which is being implemented in the final phases of study. This research report features the methodology involved, and an assessment of the different types of VAWG. The report encompasses aspects such as marriage dowry, violence in girlhood, violence in adulthood, and conflict and VAWG, before finishing with conclusions and recommendations.

pdf Download (854 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan

This report studies the prevalence of peer violence among sixth grade students in Hyderabad. It also seeks to describe associations between socio-economic status, school performance, mental health, gender attitudes, violence at home and peer violence perpetration and victimisation.

pdf Download (1021 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Nepal

A study exploring the nature of VAWG and its effects, the community response to VAWG, and the linkages between economic conditions and VAWG. This study looks at the dominant gender norms for each sex, the causes of household conflict, and the causes and different types of VAWG. It finishes with conclusions and recommendations.

pdf Download (453 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Afghanistan, Pakistan

This data includes questions used to measure gender equity and core gender attitudes, and contains statistical information illustrating attitudes towards gender in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The report also contains an assessment of the differing attitudes towards gender between the Pashtun and Tajik communities in Afghanistan.

pdf Download (810 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Bangladesh
  • Author Ashe, S., Duvvury, N., Raghavendra, S., Scriver, S., and O’Donovan, D.

There has been a growing interest in deriving the associated costs of violence against women. This has coincided with an explosion of costing studies in recent years, particularly after 2000, when interest in establishing these costs grew dramatically. Currently over 55 studies, mostly from high-income countries, have attempted to quantify the costs of various forms of violence against women. However, providing a comparison across countries can be difficult. This is mainly due to the different categories of costs, different forms of violence, and the different sampling approaches undertaken by individual studies (Varcoe et al., 2011). This comparison becomes even more difficult in developing country contexts where the availability of data is less robust and less systematic attention has been placed on measuring the economic costs of violence against women when compared to their industrialised counterparts. In this review of the evidence on the costs of violence against women, we provide an assessment of what we have learned and we establish the gaps which need to be addressed in future costing studies. 

Authors: Ashe, S., Duvvury, N., Raghavendra, S., Scriver, S., and O’Donovan, D.

download1

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Kenya, South Sudan

What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls is a £25 million global programme funded by the UK Department for International Development which seeks to understand and address the underlying causes of violence across Africa, Asia and the Middle East. The What Works programme is not alone in investing time and resources in researching and prioritising prevention and response to GBV. In 2013, Sweden and the UK Department for International Development jointly launched the Call to Action on Protection from GBV in Emergencies, a global appeal to diverse stakeholders – governments, donors, NGOs, civil society, women’s organisations, the private sector-to make specific commitments to contribute towards transforming the way GBV is addressed in the humanitarian space.

This brief sets out how the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises research portfolio complements and supports the achievements of the Call to Action’s objectives. The Call to Action identifies am “insufficient evidence base on effective programming and systemic response” as one of its areas of concern. As the largest multi-year study currently examining VAWG in conflict and crisis, What Works will play in instrumental role in advancing research in this area.

pdf Download (563 KB)

Additional Info

  • Author Maureen Murphy, Diana Arango, Amber Hill, Manuel Contreras, Mairi MacRae & Mary Ellsberg
  • Date of publication -

Women and girls are at increased risk of violence in conflict and humanitarian crises due to displacement, the breakdown of social structures, a lack of law enforcement, and a culture of impunity. This briefing paper provides a succinct overview of violence against women and girls (VAWG) in conflict and humanitarian emergencies. It reveals that little is known about the prevalence of VAWG in humanitarian emergencies. In addition, there is little robust evidence on what works to prevent and respond to VAWG in humanitarian emergencies. What evidence does exist suggests that the types of VAWG prevalent in humanitarian emergencies are not dissimilar to VAWG in non-emergency settings. As such, approaches that have been successful decreasing forms of VAWG such as intimate partner violence, and target underlying unequal gender norms and practices, may also be applicable in humanitarian settings.

pdf Download (841 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country India
  • Project Karnataka Health Promotion Trust - India

A study of levels of IPV against FSW in this area of Southern India produced a significant anomaly. IPs reported significantly higher incidences of violence than FSW. This presentation looks at three potential hypotheses for the anomaly, namely: IPs over-reported the violence; respondents didn’t understand the question; and FSW under-reported the violence.

document Download (4.46 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes Costs of VAWG
  • Country Egypt
  • Project What Works project, but funded by UNFPA
  • Author Nata Duvvury

This study looks at the prevalence and incidence of the different type and forms of violence against women, and considers the impact of violence on women’s health, reproductive health and wellbeing. What are the consequences of violence against women and their associated economic costs?

document Download (6.43 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises, VAWG & Social Norms

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises

This report looks at the challenges of conducting research in conflict and humanitarian settings, including lack of infrastructure, costs, methodological and ethical issues. It examines the need for security, avoiding harm to respondents, recruiting and training fieldworkers, and correct management practice. There is also an assessment of the specific challenges of conducting research in a refugee camp, and solutions to the challenges.

document Download (3.48 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country South Africa
  • Project Sonke Gender Justice - South Africa

This presentation looks at masculinity and VAWG in South Africa. However, as the slides involved are essentially there to illustrate the points being made by the speaker. Without the accompanying dialogue/narrative, it’s difficult to draw significant conclusions.

document Download (3.74 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises
  • Country Kenya

The presentation outlines objectives to help GBV survivors at Dadaab, and also assesses the mood among RCWs. Includes RCW attitudes towards their work environment and life in the camp, their safety concerns, and incidences of NPV, as well as assessing their levels of anxiety and depression.

document Download (2.95 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Zambia
  • Project SHARPZ - Zambia

This presentation unveils a trial used to test the effectiveness of a multi-pronged intervention in reducing and preventing violence against women and girls/youth (VAWG) among families living in Lusaka, Zambia, and to test the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing identified risk factors of violence including, alcohol use, mental health problems and behaviour patterns.

document Download (969 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan

This presentation unveils a trial used to test the effectiveness of a multi-pronged intervention in reducing and preventing violence against women and girls/youth (VAWG) among families living in Lusaka, Zambia, and to test the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing identified risk factors of violence including, alcohol use, mental health problems and behaviour patterns.

document Download (2.65 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Nepal
  • Project Equal Access - Nepal

32% of Nepal reproductive age women report lifetime emotional, physical, or sexual IPV. Yet what is missing in Nepal and elsewhere is understanding of the patterns of violent experiences. This study seeks to correct this by studying different types of IPV in Nepal, and in particular assessing the prevalence of each type of IPV by district and other covariates.

document Download (641 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment
  • Country South Africa
  • Project Stepping Stones and Creating Futures - South Africa

IPV is significantly higher in informal settlements. This study looks at a participatory group-based intervention to reduce IPV through strengthening livelihoods and transforming gender norms. Through a study of socio-demographics and IPV, it becomes clear that simply applying an economic strengthening intervention without accompanying gender transformative interventions may in fact exacerbate the problem of IPV.

document Download (1.21 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Nepal
  • Project VSO International - Nepal

This presentation shares the preliminary findings from the formative research conducted among communities engaged in migrant labour in Baglung district of Nepal. The study explored: the nature of VAWG and its effects; the community response to VAWG; and the linkages between economic conditions and VAWG.

document Download (997 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Kenya
  • Project Ujamaa Africa - Kenya

This presentation given by the Stanford Gender-Based Violence Prevention Collaborative presents a matched-set, cluster-randomised trial of upper-primary students in the unplanned settlements around Nairobi, Kenya. The intervention features parallel boys and girls curriculums delivered in a classroom environment. There are six sessions, two hours per session, featuring group-based, roleplaying and situational practice. The girls’ program is a four-pronged approach: empowerment, situational awareness, verbal skills, physical self-defense skills. Boys’ program focuses on positive masculinity and, for older adolescents, includes bystander-intervention training.

document Download (4.12 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Bangladesh

Violence against women, recognised globally as a fundamental human rights violation, is widely prevalent across high-, middle-, and lowincome countries. It imposes direct and indirect costs and losses on the well-being of individuals, families and communities, businesses, national economies, social and economic development and political stability. Recently, there has been a growing interest in deriving the associated costs of violence against women. This has coincided with an explosion of costing studies in recent years, particularly after 2000. In this review of the evidence, we provide an assessment of what we have learned and we establish the gaps which still need to be addressed in future costing studies.

pdf Download (3.56 MB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Ghana, Pakistan
  • Project Gender Centre - Ghana, Right to Play - Pakistan

This project contends that the failure to eliminate VAWG constitutes a drag on national economies and on inclusive human development. There is thus strong incentive for investment by government and other stakeholders to address VAWG – the cost of inaction is signifi cant. This project aims to build knowledge about the impacts of VAWG and thus to mobilise political will to eliminate violence worldwide. Through the development of new costing methodologies that can be applied within different national contexts, this project will provide policy makers with the tools to estimate the impact of VAWG. To develop such tools, it is necessary to collect data and evaluate methodologies within a range of political, economic, cultural and social contexts. This study is therefore being conducted in three countries in the Global South that exhibit marked differences in terms of context: South Sudan, Pakistan and Ghana.

In Pakistan, the project aims to fi ll the gaps in our understanding of the socio-economic impacts of VAWG, focusing on intimate partner violence (IPV) and non-partner sexual violence (NPSV). The project will go beyond costs to individuals by providing estimates of the loss to the overall economy of Pakistan. In addition, we examine costs arising from the impact of VAWG on social cohesion and political stability.

pdf Download (772 KB)

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Ghana

This project contends that the failure to eliminate VAWG constitutes a drag on national economies and on inclusive human development. There is thus strong incentive for investment by government and other stakeholders to address VAWG – the cost of inaction is signifi cant. This project aims to build knowledge about the impacts of VAWG and thus to mobilise political will to eliminate violence worldwide. Through the development of new costing methodologies that can be applied within different national contexts, this project will provide policy makers with the tools to estimate the impact of VAWG. To develop such tools, it is necessary to collect data and evaluate methodologies within a range of political, economic, cultural and social contexts. This study is therefore being conducted in three countries in the Global South that exhibit marked differences in terms of context: South Sudan, Pakistan and Ghana.

In Ghana, the project aims to fi ll the gaps in our understanding of the socio-economic impacts of VAWG, focusing on intimate partner violence (IPV) and non-partner sexual violence (NPSV). The project will go beyond costs to individuals by providing estimates of the loss to the overall economy of Ghana. In addition, we examine costs arising from the impact of VAWG on social cohesion and political stability.

pdf Download (1.04 MB)

Page 10 of 11