Change Starts at Home: Preventing Violence Against Women and Girls in Nepal
The project will be rolled out in three districts in Nepal: Chitwan, Nawalparasi and Kapilvastu.
Summary of the Intervention/Research
Change Starts at Home uses media (radio and SMS) and community mobilization to prevent IPV against women and girls in Nepal. Centred around an innovative radio and weekly listener group meetings, the intervention is addressing social norms, attitudes and behaviours that perpetuate women and girls’ low status in Nepal.
The impact of the project is being rigorously evaluated using a Randomised Control Trial to examine potential pathways of change and over the three years, Equal Access hopes to identify intervention activities that are effective, replicable and scalable so that a change in the status of women and girls can be sustained over time.
Whilst the project’s main objective is to give married couples the knowledge, skills and space to safely address power imbalances in their relationships, the impact is reinforced by activities that aim to bring couples and their family members and community leaders together in a movement to change social attitudes and practices towards girls and women in Nepal. In keeping with current best practices in social norms change, this intervention involves multiple, mutually reinforcing modalities including media and group discussions for couples and their families, and skill-building workshops and training for community leaders.
The project is the first of its kind in Nepal to take such a multi-pronged approach to working with couples, families and community leaders to drive a change in community attitudes towards violence against women and girls.
The project is also developing a first-of-its kind impact evaluation on violence against women and girls in Nepal. This research compares multi-component interventions against more traditional but less costly media campaigns to assess which interventions have more success in changing the way people think and act. This research will help to inform other policymakers and programmers globally.
The project will run over 3 years and end line results are expected in the second quarter of 2018
BIG Change Curriculum
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health issue that affects 1 in 3 women globally. Despite these numbers, little is known about what can be done in communities to prevent it.
Change Starts at Home was created to address this. Focused on an innovative radio program and weekly (listening and discussion) group meetings, the Change Starts at Home approach uses media and peer to peer support to address social norms, attitudes, and behaviors that perpetuate and support intimate partner violence.
The BIG (B: Begin to Question, I: Impart Life Skills and G: Go!) Change curriculum was developed for the facilitators of the Listening and Discussion Groups (LDGs), and is designed to support them to facilitate weekly sessions with group members. By following each week of the curriculum, facilitators will be able to guide group members through a planned approach of listening, discussion, activities, reflection and home-based tasks on weekly basis.
The curriculum is divided in three different phases, B: Begin to Question, the Critical Reflection Phase, I: Impart Life Skills; the Skill Building Phase, and G: Go! The Action and Community Diffusion Phase.
Binita Shrestha (in Nepal)
Gemma Ferguson (in UK)