Evidence HubWhat Works Resources

 

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  • Country Nepal
  • Project VSO International - Nepal

Sammanit Jeevan is a workshop series designed as a tool to help promote harmony within families and reduce violence. The workshop’s series of 10 sessions address questions of gender, relationships, family conflict, violence, communication, and relationship skills. When families have members that are unhappy or are abused, there is impact on other family members. When children are exposed to unhappy relationships or violence it can affect their relationships later in life. When there is conflict within a family it affects everyone. (Also available in Nepali)

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pdf Download - Nepali version (12.58 MB)

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  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan
  • Author -
  • Date of publication -

Part 1: Social empowerment
Zindagii Shoista is a workshop series designed to help promote harmony within families and reduce violence. By considering wider family dynamics when working with local communities, it aims to create a socio-economic environment that enables women to enjoy greater protection from sexual and gender-based violence, with a focus on violence against women and girls.

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10 October 2018

Photo Story

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Nepal
  • Project VSO International - Nepal

This photo story is part of the Interventional Manual SAMMANIT JEEVAN (Living with Dignity) FOR TEENS, and is one of the sessions for raising awareness on prevention of child marriage.

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  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan

Part 2: Enabling economic empowerment through income generating activities
Zindagii Shoista: Enabling economic empowerment (EE) through income generating activities (IGAs) is a workshop designed to promote families’ understanding of managing household budgets in order to strengthen household economies. Part 2 of the Zindagii Shoista manual, focusing on enabling EE through IGAs, complements the Zindagii Shoista intervention (Part 1) designed to promote gender equity and harmonious partner and family relationships, with the aim of reducing violence against women and girls in Tajikistan.

pdf Download Manual (3.87 MB)

pdf Download A3 Templates (464 KB)

Jewkes, R., Corboz, J., & Gibbs, A. (2018). Trauma exposure and IPV experienced by Afghan women: Analysis of the baseline of a randomised controlled trial. PLoS one, 13(10), e0201974.  

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Gibbs, A., Jewkes, R., Willan, S., & Washington, L. (2018). Associations between poverty, mental health and substance use, gender power, and intimate partner violence amongst young (18-30) women and men in urban informal settlements in South Africa: A cross-sectional study and structural equation model. PLoS one, 13(10), e0204956.

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Hatcher, A. M., Gibbs, A., Jewkes, R., McBride, R., Peacock, D., & Christofides, N. (n.d.). Effect of Childhood Poverty and Trauma on Adult Depressive Symptoms Among Young Men in Peri-Urban South African Settlements. Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Nepal, South Sudan

This study draws on three case countries – Nepal, Sierra Leone and South Sudan – to address gaps in evidence and understanding on violence against women and girls (VAWG) during post-conflict transition. It highlights the potential for state-building and peacebuilding processes to address VAWG, and the effect this has in advancing sustainable peace.

This is the first time that a systematic approach has been taken to bridge the gap between VAWG and post-conflict state-building / peace-building policies and processes. The study was led by the George Washington Institute (GWI), CARE International UK and International Rescue Committee (IRC).

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises
  • Country Nepal, South Sudan

This study draws on three case countries – Nepal, Sierra Leone and South Sudan – to address gaps in evidence and understanding on violence against women and girls (VAWG) during post-conflict transition. It highlights the potential for state-building and peacebuilding processes to address VAWG, and the effect this has in advancing sustainable peace.

This is the first time that a systematic approach has been taken to bridge the gap between VAWG and post-conflict state-building / peace-building policies and processes. The study was led by the George Washington Institute (GWI), CARE International UK and International Rescue Committee (IRC).

This policy brief summarises findings from the study for policy makers.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises
  • Country South Sudan

This study draws on three case countries – Nepal, Sierra Leone and South Sudan – to address gaps in evidence and understanding on violence against women and girls (VAWG) during post-conflict transition. It highlights the potential for state-building and peacebuilding processes to address VAWG, and the effect this has in advancing sustainable peace.

This is the first time that a systematic approach has been taken to bridge the gap between VAWG and post-conflict state-building / peace-building policies and processes. The study was led by the George Washington Institute (GWI), CARE International UK and International Rescue Committee (IRC).

This policy brief includes an analytical framework, which is a practical tool that can be used by policy makers as a guide to designing fair, inclusive, and sustainable state-building and peace-building processes that include meaningful engagement with the issue of violence and women and girls.

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Alangea, D. O., Addo-Lartey, A. A., Sikweyiya, Y., Chirwa, E. D., Coker-Appiah, D., Jewkes, R., & Adanu, R. M. K. (2018). Prevalence and risk factors of intimate partner violence among women in four districts of the central region of Ghana: Baseline findings from a cluster randomised controlled trial. PloS one, 13(7), e0200874.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education
  • Country Pakistan
  • Author Right to Play
  • Date of publication September 2018

Right to Play Pakistan designed and implemented a school-based programme that used sport and play to reduce peer violence and corporal punishment, improve mental health, and change social norms in support of gender equality and non-violence. The programme reached 8,000 children in 40 public schools, with an equal number of boys and girls benefitting. It was rigorously evaluated by Aga Khan University.

This Evidence Brief presents the findings from the end-line evaluation. These show significant reductions in both boys’ and girls’ perpetration and victimisation of peer violence, experience of corporal punishment both at home and in school, and witnessing of acts of domestic violence. Levels of depression and patriarchal gender attitudes have also improved. The positive results demonstrate the potential of investing in sports and play based learning in schools and communities to prevent violence.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Tajikistan
  • Author Mrs Subhiya Mastonshoeva, Ms Shahribonu Shonasimova, Mrs Dilorom Abdulhaeva, Mr Henri Myrttinen (International Alert), Professor Rachel Jewkes & Dr Nwabisa Shai (SAMRC)
  • Date of publication September 2018

Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is widespread throughout Tajikistan, with half of all women experiencing violence at the hands of their husbands or in-laws. Young married women aged 18-24 are especially vulnerable. In response, International Alert and its partners, Action, Development and Prosperity (ATO), Cesvi, Farodis and Women of the Orient worked with the South African Medical Research Council to develop an innovative family-centred social and economic intervention tailored to the specific Tajik context with the aim of combatting VAWG. The approach sought to address the reality of young women marrying into strong extended families and facing violence from their husbands and/or in-laws.

This evidence brief reveals that the intervention successfully reduced the number of young women experiencing violence from both their husbands and in-laws by 50%. The mental health, livelihoods and food security of participating families also significantly improved. These findings support global evidence that gender transformative social change interventions combined with empowerment interventions can have a significant impact on reducing VAWG. Such approaches can also have positive impacts on people’s emotional wellbeing, family dynamics and economic security.

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Cardoso, L. F., Clark, C. J., Rivers, K., Ferguson, G., Shrestha, B., & Gupta, J. (2018). Menstrual restriction prevalence and association with intimate partner violence among Nepali women. BMJ Sex Reprod Health, bmjsrh-2017.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Project Tearfund - DRC
03 juillet 2018 Mon nom est Uwezo BAGHUMA. Ces trois dernières années, je travaille sur un projet qui étudie le rôle des chefs religieux, compte tenu de leur influence et stature au sein de leur communauté.

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Project Tearfund - DRC
On the power of the faith leader in the fight against harmful behaviour, which supports violence against women and girls (VAWG)July 03, 2018 My name is UWEZO BAGHUMA LELE, and for last three years I have been working on a project, which looks at the roles religious leaders play in…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan
She knows now that she is something… she values herself 12-year-old Mahnoor – clad in a simple blue and white uniform with the usual head-scarf -skipped home happily after a regular day at school in Hyderabad, Pakistan. With mundane thoughts of school and homework on her mind, she did not…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Project Indashyikirwa - Rwanda
Rachel Kwizera CARE Rwanda Indashyikirwa (Agents for Change) is an intimate partner violence (IPV) prevention project being implemented across seven Districts in the Western, Northern and Eastern provinces of Rwanda. The programme targets both partners of couples through a series of reflection sessions that challenge causes of gender based violence…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Author Erin Stern, Lori Heise and Lyndsay Mclean
  • Date of publication August 2018

The Indashyikirwa programme in Rwanda was implemented over four years (2014-2018) by CARE Rwanda International, Rwanda Men’s Resource Centre, and Rwanda Women’s Network, in rural Rwanda. The programme aimed to reduce IPV, shift social norms and attitudes condoning violence, and provide more empowering responses to survivors.

This practice brief highlights lessons learned from the Indashyikirwa programme on working with couples to prevent IPV. These include the need to design a culturally appropriate curriculum with content that is relevant and appropriate for the target community, and recruit skilled male and female facilitators who over a prolonged period of time can build a rapport with and equip couples with the skills to build healthy, non-violent relationships.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Author Erin Stern, Lori Heise and Lyndsay Mclean
  • Date of publication August 2018

The Indashyikirwa programme in Rwanda was funded by the UK department for International Development, with the aim of preventing and reducing intimate partner violence. The programme was implemented over four years (2014-2018) by CARE Rwanda International, Rwanda Men’s Resource Centre, and Rwanda Women’s Network, in Eastern, Western and Northern provinces of rural Rwanda. One of the components of the programme included the training and engagement of opinion leaders to help create an enabling environment for social change.

This practice brief highlights lessons learned from – and assesses the value of – engaging opinion leaders as part of a comprehensive intimate partner violence prevention programme. In order for effective engagement to take place, there is a need to carefully map which key opinion leaders can and should be targeted, and maintain regular dialogue and communication. It is also important to engage them not just as opinion leaders, but also as people in relationships themselves.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Author Erin Stern, Lori Heise and Lyndsay Mclean
  • Date of publication August 2018

The Indashyikirwa programme in Rwanda was funded by the UK department for International Development, with the aim of preventing and reducing intimate partner violence. It was implemented over four years (2014-2018) by CARE Rwanda International, Rwanda Men’s Resource Centre, and Rwanda Women’s Network, in rural Rwanda. One of the components of the programme included training couples as community activists (CAs), with the view to diffusing the benefits of the programme to a larger audience.

This practice belief highlights the impact of training of 840 couples as CAs, which include them feeling better equipped to respond to IPV, greater community awareness of IPV and greater community support for women’s empowerment and more gender equitable division of household labour. Recommendations consist of training more couples as CAs, adapting the community activism component to the specific country and context in which it is being applied, and ensuring proper linkage between the community activism component and other parts of the Indashyikirwa programme, e.g. engagement with opinion leaders.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Author Erin Stern, Lori Heise and Lyndsay Mclean
  • Date of publication August 2018

The Indashyikirwa programme in Rwanda was funded by the UK department for International Development and implemented over four years (2014-2018) by CARE Rwanda International, Rwanda Men’s Resource Centre, and Rwanda Women’s Network, in Eastern, Western and Northern provinces of rural Rwanda. The programme aimed to reduce IPV, shift social norms and attitudes condoning violence, and provide more empowering responses to survivors. One of the components of the programme involved the establishment of women’s safe spaces, where women and men could disclose and discuss IPV, and be referred or accompanied to health, justice and social services.

This evidence brief reveals that the creation of safe spaces helped facilitate the disclosure of IPV, enhanced knowledge and awareness of more gender equitable norms, offered opportunities for collective solidarity and livelihoods skills training, and improved the quality of and linkages to formal services.

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  • Author Kristin Dunkle, Ingrid Van der Heijden, Erin Stern and Esnat Chirwa
  • Date of publication July 2018

The What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls Global Programme has conducted research to better understand the experiences, causes, and consequences of violence in the lives of women and girls with disabilities, 80% of whom live in low and middle-income countries.

Findings show that in low and middle-income countries, women with disabilities are more likely to experience both intimate partner violence (IPV) and non-partner sexual violence than women without disabilities. The risk of both IPV and non-partner sexual violence increases with the severity of disability. Women with disabilities also experience high levels of stigma and discrimination, compounding their risk of IPV and reducing their ability to seek help. These findings highlight how vital it is to ensure the meaningful inclusion of women disabilities in VAWG policy and programming.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Tajikistan
  • Project International Alert - Tajikistan

This report presents the evaluation results of a project to curb levels of VAWG in rural Tajikistan, where around 60 per cent of women experience sexual, physical and emotional violence. Baseline research found that drivers include gender norms, social pressure, poverty, food insecurity, mental health issues, and alcohol and substance abuse. The project worked with 80 families across four villages, running weekly sessions to improve behaviours, relationships and communication, and also strengthening , livelihoods and financial management skills. Grants were given, in the form of livestock and equipment, to aid income generating activities, and the report outlines the success in reducing violence and making relationships stronger and more equitable.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Afghanistan
  • Project Help the Afghan Children - Afghanistan

Many Afghan children experience violence both at home, at the hands of parents, and at school, both from their peers and from teachers inflicting corporal punishment. This report examines the effectiveness of HTAC’s school-based Peace Education scheme, as implemented across 20 schools in the Jawzjan province. HTAC also implemented community-based activities aimed at preventing violence, through the training of community leaders and parents in conflict resolution and women’s rights, reinforced with positive radio messaging. The report presents the final of Help the Afghan Children’s (HTAC’s) school-based peace education and community-based social norms change intervention and is intended to raise awareness among governmental and non-governmental organisations, donors and policy makers about what works to prevent violence against children.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Rwanda
  • Project Indashyikirwa - Rwanda
Indashyikirwa is a multi-collaborator programme to prevent intimate partner violence prevention (IPV), across rural Rwanda. It is being implemented by CARE Rwanda, Rwanda Women’s Network (RWN) and Rwanda Men’s Resource Centre (RWAMREC). A critical component of the programme is the creation of women’s safe spaces dedicated to offering informal support…

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Kenya
Read about an ordinary day for an extraordinary woman living in one of the world’s largest refugee camps. February 26, 2018 My name is Miriam. I was born in Somalia. My family fled the war in 1992 when I was one year old, and I have lived in Dadaab refugee camp—one of…
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