Evidence HubWhat Works Resources

 

Clark, C. J., Spencer, R. A., Shrestha, B., Ferguson, G., Oakes, J. M., & Gupta, J. (2017). Evaluating a multicomponent social behaviour change communication strategy to reduce intimate partner violence among married couples: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial in Nepal. BMC public health, 17(1), 75.

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09 January 2017

Greentree II Report

Compiled and edited by Lori Heise (link is external) and Elizabeth McGrory, this publication synthesises the discussions and conclusions of a three-day expert consultation on the links between HIV and violence against women and girls (VAWG).

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Gibbs, A., Washington, L., Willan, S., Ntini, N., Khumalo, T., Mbatha, N.& Ferrari, G. (2017). The Stepping Stones and Creating Futures intervention to prevent intimate partner violence and HIV-risk behaviours in Durban, South Africa: study protocol for a cluster randomized control trial, and baseline characteristics. BMC public health, 17(1), 336.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country South Sudan

Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is a significant social, economic and public health problem. No country is immune from this problem and it impacts all socio-economic groups, all ethnicities  and all ages. This does not mean it is inevitable; it can be transformed through political will, through increased investment in programmes and policies, and through community support for normative change. The publication has been authored by the Members of Component Two for What Works: Economic and Social Costs of Violence Programme.

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The Right To Play Project Newsletter for April to September 2016 is out! Download it here.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country India
  • Project Karnataka Health Promotion Trust - India

Violence persists in sex workers’ relationships with their intimate partners, an intervention and evaluation study, Samvedana Plus, was designed to understand and address violence and HIV risk in the intimate partnerships of female sex workers. Karnataka Health Promotion Trust (KHPT) is implementing Samvedana Plus, in partnership with Chaitanya AIDS Tadegattuwa Mahila Sangha, a communitybased organisation (CBO) of sex workers in northern Karnataka, India. The findings of the report are related to four broad categories: characteristics of the female sex workers and intimate partner relationships; gender attitudes, social norms and violence acceptance; experience of intimate partner violence, solidarity and self-worth; and STI/HIV risk perceptions, skills for self-protection and condom use among female sex workers.

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This document describes the Department for International Development’s (DFID) open and enhanced access policy for the research that DFID funds. The aim of this policy is to increase the uptake and use of findings from research funded by DFID.

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This branding guidance is for staff in DFID and its partner organisations. It predominantly covers use of the UK aid logo, which is the logo most relevant to delivery partners.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes Costs of VAWG
  • Author Nata Duvvury

Presentation for the What Works Annual Scientific Meeting, September 9, 2016, outlining the questions, approach, focus, design and framework of research into VAWG.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Ghana
  • Project Gender Centre - Ghana

A study to assess the community level impact of the Gender Centre’s Rural Response System in reducing VAW in Ghana. This presentation features methodology demographics and results, looking at IPV statistics and the prevalence of different forms of IPV.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises
  • Country South Sudan

The goal of the formative research was to improve understanding of the overall context of VAWG and conflict in South Sudan, as well as to inform the design of the population-based survey and complementary qualitative tools, which is being implemented in the final phases of study. This research report features the methodology involved, and an assessment of the different types of VAWG. The report encompasses aspects such as marriage dowry, violence in girlhood, violence in adulthood, and conflict and VAWG, before finishing with conclusions and recommendations.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan

This report studies the prevalence of peer violence among sixth grade students in Hyderabad. It also seeks to describe associations between socio-economic status, school performance, mental health, gender attitudes, violence at home and peer violence perpetration and victimisation.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Nepal

A study exploring the nature of VAWG and its effects, the community response to VAWG, and the linkages between economic conditions and VAWG. This study looks at the dominant gender norms for each sex, the causes of household conflict, and the causes and different types of VAWG. It finishes with conclusions and recommendations.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Afghanistan, Pakistan

This data includes questions used to measure gender equity and core gender attitudes, and contains statistical information illustrating attitudes towards gender in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The report also contains an assessment of the differing attitudes towards gender between the Pashtun and Tajik communities in Afghanistan.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Bangladesh
  • Author Ashe, S., Duvvury, N., Raghavendra, S., Scriver, S., and O’Donovan, D.

There has been a growing interest in deriving the associated costs of violence against women. This has coincided with an explosion of costing studies in recent years, particularly after 2000, when interest in establishing these costs grew dramatically. Currently over 55 studies, mostly from high-income countries, have attempted to quantify the costs of various forms of violence against women. However, providing a comparison across countries can be difficult. This is mainly due to the different categories of costs, different forms of violence, and the different sampling approaches undertaken by individual studies (Varcoe et al., 2011). This comparison becomes even more difficult in developing country contexts where the availability of data is less robust and less systematic attention has been placed on measuring the economic costs of violence against women when compared to their industrialised counterparts. In this review of the evidence on the costs of violence against women, we provide an assessment of what we have learned and we establish the gaps which need to be addressed in future costing studies. 

Authors: Ashe, S., Duvvury, N., Raghavendra, S., Scriver, S., and O’Donovan, D.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Kenya, South Sudan

What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls is a £25 million global programme funded by the UK Department for International Development which seeks to understand and address the underlying causes of violence across Africa, Asia and the Middle East. The What Works programme is not alone in investing time and resources in researching and prioritising prevention and response to GBV. In 2013, Sweden and the UK Department for International Development jointly launched the Call to Action on Protection from GBV in Emergencies, a global appeal to diverse stakeholders – governments, donors, NGOs, civil society, women’s organisations, the private sector-to make specific commitments to contribute towards transforming the way GBV is addressed in the humanitarian space.

This brief sets out how the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises research portfolio complements and supports the achievements of the Call to Action’s objectives. The Call to Action identifies am “insufficient evidence base on effective programming and systemic response” as one of its areas of concern. As the largest multi-year study currently examining VAWG in conflict and crisis, What Works will play in instrumental role in advancing research in this area.

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  • Author Maureen Murphy, Diana Arango, Amber Hill, Manuel Contreras, Mairi MacRae & Mary Ellsberg
  • Date of publication -

Women and girls are at increased risk of violence in conflict and humanitarian crises due to displacement, the breakdown of social structures, a lack of law enforcement, and a culture of impunity. This briefing paper provides a succinct overview of violence against women and girls (VAWG) in conflict and humanitarian emergencies. It reveals that little is known about the prevalence of VAWG in humanitarian emergencies. In addition, there is little robust evidence on what works to prevent and respond to VAWG in humanitarian emergencies. What evidence does exist suggests that the types of VAWG prevalent in humanitarian emergencies are not dissimilar to VAWG in non-emergency settings. As such, approaches that have been successful decreasing forms of VAWG such as intimate partner violence, and target underlying unequal gender norms and practices, may also be applicable in humanitarian settings.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country India
  • Project Karnataka Health Promotion Trust - India

A study of levels of IPV against FSW in this area of Southern India produced a significant anomaly. IPs reported significantly higher incidences of violence than FSW. This presentation looks at three potential hypotheses for the anomaly, namely: IPs over-reported the violence; respondents didn’t understand the question; and FSW under-reported the violence.

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  • VAWG themes Costs of VAWG
  • Country Egypt
  • Project What Works project, but funded by UNFPA
  • Author Nata Duvvury

This study looks at the prevalence and incidence of the different type and forms of violence against women, and considers the impact of violence on women’s health, reproductive health and wellbeing. What are the consequences of violence against women and their associated economic costs?

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  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises, VAWG & Social Norms

Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises

This report looks at the challenges of conducting research in conflict and humanitarian settings, including lack of infrastructure, costs, methodological and ethical issues. It examines the need for security, avoiding harm to respondents, recruiting and training fieldworkers, and correct management practice. There is also an assessment of the specific challenges of conducting research in a refugee camp, and solutions to the challenges.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country South Africa
  • Project Sonke Gender Justice - South Africa

This presentation looks at masculinity and VAWG in South Africa. However, as the slides involved are essentially there to illustrate the points being made by the speaker. Without the accompanying dialogue/narrative, it’s difficult to draw significant conclusions.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises
  • Country Kenya

The presentation outlines objectives to help GBV survivors at Dadaab, and also assesses the mood among RCWs. Includes RCW attitudes towards their work environment and life in the camp, their safety concerns, and incidences of NPV, as well as assessing their levels of anxiety and depression.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Zambia
  • Project SHARPZ - Zambia

This presentation unveils a trial used to test the effectiveness of a multi-pronged intervention in reducing and preventing violence against women and girls/youth (VAWG) among families living in Lusaka, Zambia, and to test the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing identified risk factors of violence including, alcohol use, mental health problems and behaviour patterns.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Education, VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Pakistan
  • Project Right to Play - Pakistan

This presentation unveils a trial used to test the effectiveness of a multi-pronged intervention in reducing and preventing violence against women and girls/youth (VAWG) among families living in Lusaka, Zambia, and to test the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing identified risk factors of violence including, alcohol use, mental health problems and behaviour patterns.

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Additional Info

  • VAWG themes VAWG & Social Norms
  • Country Nepal
  • Project Equal Access - Nepal

32% of Nepal reproductive age women report lifetime emotional, physical, or sexual IPV. Yet what is missing in Nepal and elsewhere is understanding of the patterns of violent experiences. This study seeks to correct this by studying different types of IPV in Nepal, and in particular assessing the prevalence of each type of IPV by district and other covariates.

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  • VAWG themes VAWG & Economic Empowerment
  • Country South Africa
  • Project Stepping Stones and Creating Futures - South Africa

IPV is significantly higher in informal settlements. This study looks at a participatory group-based intervention to reduce IPV through strengthening livelihoods and transforming gender norms. Through a study of socio-demographics and IPV, it becomes clear that simply applying an economic strengthening intervention without accompanying gender transformative interventions may in fact exacerbate the problem of IPV.

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